Safetip #151: Leverage the Same JSA for Similar Job Steps
A JSA is About Identifying and Mitigating Risks
A Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) / Job Safety Analysis (JSA) is a procedure used to identify potential hazards and risks associated to each step of a task or job. A JHA/JSA includes the following steps once a job has been selected for analysis:
1) Break down the job, job operation or task into a sequence of steps. It is recommended to make steps neither too general, nor too detailed. Most jobs should be described in less than 10 steps.
2) Identify potential hazards for each job step identified in step #1.
3) Determine measures to eliminate hazards identified in step #2. If a hazard can’t be eliminated, assess the risk by evaluating the likelihood of an incident and the severity of the consequences of an incident.
4) Based on the risk assessments performed in step #3, prioritize the risks to mitigate and determine the control measures that will reduce the risks.
A JSA does more than simply identify potential hazards. It is also a method to perform risk assessments.
Use and Adapt the Same JSA for Similar Job Steps
With many jobs across many facilities, and with each job composed of many steps, the number of total job steps throughout all JSAs can quickly become very high, and the time required to conduct JSAs can also rise rapidly.
To save time, you can “templatize” a JSA of a specific job step and re-use it for similar steps in other jobs, so you already know what types of hazards to start looking for, and the types of measures that should be taken to eliminate them or reduce risks.
However, be sure that the job steps are either identical or very similar. If you have a doubt whether two steps in two different jobs are similar, be on the safe side and don’t re-use the same JSA, but start a new one instead. Also, add any additional, potential hazards if there are slight differences between job steps, i.e. don’t just blindly re-use the same JSA without determining if any changes or additions are required.
Finally, consider the use of Job Safety Analysis software to better plan and conduct JSAs, use information from one JSA for another JSA, and share results of JSAs with everyone.
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