Safetip #38: LOTO Training to Authorized & Affected Workers
Protect All Categories of Workers
LOTO impacts more people than those working directly on a piece of equipment. The BLR report “10 Tips to Implementing a Lockout/Tagout Program” says that each of the following groups of workers must be protected:
- Affected workers and other workers
- Group LOTO participants
- Workers during shift or personnel changes
Organizations should think about the safety of all workers involved with LOTO, including those who may be impacted indirectly.
LOTO Training Must Also Extend to All Workers
Workers who will lockout or tagout a machine or equipment in order to perform servicing or maintenance on that machine or equipment need to be trained on the safe use and removal of energy-isolating devices. These workers are known as “authorized employees” by the OSHA LOTO standard (1910.147). The BLR report says that these workers must also be trained in:
- Recognizing hazardous energy sources.
- The type and magnitude of the hazardous energy sources in the workplace.
- Energy-control procedures, including the methods and means to isolate and control those energy sources.
The OSHA standard also makes reference to “affected employees” who are required to operate or use a machine or equipment on which servicing or maintenance is being performed under lockout or tagout, or who need to work in an area in which such servicing or maintenance is being performed. Affected employees must also be trained. Furthermore, according to the BLR report, all other employees who work or may work in an area where energy-control procedures are used must receive basic instructions regarding the energy-control procedure, so they understand that they should not remove a lockout or tagout device or attempt to restart, re-energize, or operate the equipment.
As part of a LOTO program, remember to protect all workers, but also to provide training to all workers, not just those who will lockout or tagout machines or equipment.
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